Hey,
I'm Parker.

A Hacker's Guide to Her Own GitHub Pages

GitHub Pages is a wonderful free platform GitHub has created to build and host your Jekyll sites for you. You push up any valid Jekyll site to a repo (on a special branch), and it’s built and published to a predictable URL. The only downside? You can’t use any custom Ruby code, which means no custom plugins. So what’s the best way to host a Jekyll site that requires plugins?

Maybe you’re writing a huge website for your employer, or just something small for yourself. Either way, you need a plugin or two to get it just right. You could build locally and push the compiled site up to GitHub Pages, but that requires that you install all the dependencies locally and write a script to compile and jostle things in just the right way to make it all work. What if you could have the same workflow – just git push – for sites with custom plugins?

You can. I do it every day. In fact, this very site is published with this method. Here’s a step-by-step guide to making your own GitHub Pages.

1. Install and Configure Dependencies

You’ll need the following:

  1. A server with root access. I use a Rackspace CentOS 1GB Performance VM, but you can use any Linux system from any provider.
  2. A web server if you don’t have one already (Apache/Nginx).
  3. Ruby and RubyGems with the proper permissions to install new gems.
  4. Git
  5. Gitolite

First, sudo su - root. Then install Ruby. I suggest using rbenv to keep your Rubies organized. Then ensure RubyGems is installed, and install the github-pages gem.

Next, ensure you have a daemonized web server installed, like nginx or apache.

Then ensure git is installed and create a new git user. Run su - git and install gitolite.

Once you have gitolite installed, go back to your local machine and configure gitolite as described. You’ll need to add a new user for your SSH key and create the repo for your site.

2. Add the post-receive hook

Run sudo su - git and find the post-receive file in your repository. It’s usually at /home/git/repositories/MY_REPO.git/hooks/post-receive. Edit it so it looks like this:

set -e # fail on error

# ensure you have loaded git's environment with rbenv/ruby/jekyll in the path
source /home/git/.bash_profile

# this is only if you have rbenv installed
# remove if you're using a stock ruby
eval "$(rbenv init -)"

# this shows you where the Jekyll executable can be found
# it will also fail if jekyll can't be found, halting the build.
which jekyll

# this is the name of your repo, without the `.git`
REPO_NAME="MY_REPO"

GIT_REPO=$HOME/repositories/$REPO_NAME.git
TMP_GIT_CLONE=/tmp/$REPO_NAME

# Change this to wherever your server (nginx/apache) will look
# for your compiled site. Usually called the document root.
PUBLIC_WWW=/var/www/$REPO_NAME

git clone $GIT_REPO $TMP_GIT_CLONE

# Run Jekyll!
cd $TMP_GIT_CLONE && jekyll build -d $PUBLIC_WWW --trace
rm -Rf $TMP_GIT_CLONE
exit

This hook will clone your repo to /tmp and run jekyll build from your site source into the directory your server will serve from.

3. Add the git remote

Go back to your local site and add the remote:

$ git remote add publish [email protected]:MY_REPO.git

4. Test

Now, to test, just push!

$ git push publish master

You should see all the output of the Jekyll process in your terminal. Once you see ...done. and the process exits, you’re done! Refresh your browser and admire your handiwork.

If you get a LoadError from Jekyll, then you don’t have a gem installed or it can’t access the _plugins directory. To install new gems, just run gem install GEM_NAME as root on your VM.